2021: International Year of Peace and Trust

Do you know that the United Nations has declared 2021 as the International year of peace and trust?

It was proclaimed in resolution A/RES/73/338, which was adopted on September 12, 2019. The UN General Assembly has adopted this resolution initiated by Turkmenistan. It is done to promote peace and trust among nations, to make harmonious relations based on political dialogue, mutual understanding and cooperation, to settle disputes through peaceful means.

So, let’s have a small talk about it.

2021: International Year of Peace and Trust - Peaceful Writers International- written by Chanchal Yadav
2021: International Year of Peace and Trust 


Our world is a better place, a lot better than the previous era when there was a lot of war and hostility all around. The relations between nations are improving and becoming more harmonic than before. But still, continued efforts need to be made to establish healthy and peaceful relations.

These International organizations were made after the second world war, only for establishing peace, removing the hatred, for creating harmony between nations, for stopping the war and the destruction it caused. Many lives have been lost in establishing this very notion of peace. But still, we have got a long way to go.

According to the Uppsala Conflict Data Program(UCDP), more than 2.5 million people were killed from 1989 to 2019 in the conflicts. According to the International Crisis Group, more than 70 conflicts are going on in 2021. It has observed deteriorations in 9 countries and conflict areas in March. The conflict in Myanmar, Ukraine, Niger and 6 more areas have worsened.

Thus, it seems very appropriate the declaration of 2021 as a year for promoting and reestablishing peace and trust.

Peace and Trust

Peace is a state when people can resolve their conflict without violence and can work together to improve the quality of their lives. It is a belief that instead of solving disputes or disagreements through war, we should solve them through peace treaties. No matter how bad the situation is, violence should not be used ever.

“It is far better if we use our words to fight rather than our weapons.”

Trust is our belief in someone or something for their reliability. It is built with time, with effort. As goes the saying  “Whatever we give, comes back to us.” So, to be trusted, we should first be loyal to others and gain their trust step by step. If we betray someone, we will get betrayal in return. Maybe not by the same person but someone else or something else or in some other way. If a nation betrays another, then the trust is broken which results in conflicts and more chaos which in turn cause the loss of the nation's people.

Peace and trust go hand in hand. Peace and trust involve accepting differences and be able to respect, recognize and appreciate others. For developing peaceful relations, trust needs to be developed first. We can be less aggressive and hostile and more of a listener when we trust our opponent. We will be ready to understand each other’s points of view and will also be able to express ourselves more effectively. We will be open for discussion.

The same goes for international relations, trust between nations develops harmony and peace. It is built through treaties and deals and various other means. Trust is built on trust. It is like a brick wall where bricks are laid over each other and each brick plays an important role in developing it. Just like this, each dialogue, each conversation acts as a brick and make the wall of trust, on climbing which nations get new understanding, a growing environment, that enhances the quality of life of people and reduces the miseries of poor.

Peace and trust are the things we need the most at present when the world is going through this tough and vulnerable phase. We all need to become support systems for our people, for everyone. We should forget the mini conflicts and raise our standards and encourage peace and trust among each other. We, being social animals need to confide in others. Those others need to be people whom we can trust. So, it's better if everyone can be trusted. We trust doctors with our health, we trust security forces for our security, we trust teachers for our education, we trust policymakers for better policies. This trust needs to be there. If it is not there, conflict will arise. Hence, peace and trusts are interlinked.

Maintaining Peace and Trust

There are various ways for maintaining peace and trust between nations. Some of them are solving disputes through multilateralism, diplomacy, disarmament, countering terrorism, peacebuilding and peacekeeping, etc. These can be effective in resolving issues through non-violence and sensitivity.


It is the policy of making multilateral agreements i.e., in which three or more groups, nations, etc. take part to find a common solution. The UN in its resolution acknowledges that this approach could help in encouraging the culture of peace and advancing the UN's three pillars, namely, sustainable development, peace and security, and human rights.


Diplomacy is the practice of influencing and convincing the decisions of foreign governments or organizations through dialogue, negotiation, and other non-violent means. The UN wants to encourage this preventive diplomacy for conflict prevention and to avoid wars for the benefit of mankind.


The conflicts can be prevented by eliminating and avoiding the use of nuclear weapons and other weapons that cause mass destruction. The regulation of arms can prevent conflicts such as in Myanmar.

Countering terrorism

Proper strategies and techniques are adopted to counter-terrorism by the member states of the UN. Implementation of these would be a step towards establishing peace in terrorists hijacked areas.

Peacebuilding and Peacekeeping

The countries emerging from conflict are more likely at risk of relapsing into conflict again. The organization thus maintains peace and security by helping in constitutional processes and elections and protection of human rights and starting its goals of sustainable peace and development.

So, are you willing to convey this notion forward?

Will you try to resolve your conflicts with words or will you stick to your weapons?

About The Author:

I'm Chanchal Yadav. Well, I am a daydreamer who can be as practical as possible. I love drawing, sketching, reading fiction, and writing. I believe in the importance of emotional well-being more than anything.

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